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2018年成人高考专升本英语考试终极提分试题及答案五

2018-07-20 17:16:08   来源:江西成考网    点击:
作者:江西成考

  Knowledge is power. But there isanother thing we must remember. An intelligent mind needs a strong body to make it most useful.

  There are agreat many good exercises for building up our bodies. Many of them may be done indoorsin rainy weather. Indoor exercises, however, are never as helpful as those takenout of doors because in the open air there is more oxygen. The air in the houseis not fresh. But out of doors it is very fresh, especially in the morning.

  But what shallwe play? There are a number of games such as football, basketball, races... Anygame with plenty of exercises is good.

  Do not neglect(忽略) your health. It is of as much importance as your mind. Our countrynow needs people with creative minds, good judgement, and healthy bodies.

  第44题单选 One who has an intelligent mindis

  A.very strong

  B.healthy

  C.very clever

  D.stupid

  第45题单选 "An intelligent mind needs astrong body to make it useful. " means

  A.If you want to make your strong bodyuseful, you must have an intelligent mind

  B.In order to make your intelligent minduseful you must have a strong body

  C.To make your strong mind most usefulyou need a strong body

  D.If you have a strong body you will havea strong mind

  第46题单选 The air in the house does not remainfresh very long. It′s because

  A.the fresh air can't come into the house

  B.there is only a little fresh air comingin and a little waste going out

  C.the air in the house can't remain fresh

  D.the house gives off wastes

  第47题单选 Our country now __ with creativeminds, good judgement and healthy bodies.

  A.only needs men

  B.does not need women but men

  C.needs men and women

  D.only needs scientists

  Thediscovery of a dwarfed(矮个子) "humanbeing" who lived in Flores, Indonesia, up to 18,000 years ago is changingthe way we think about the human family. This "Flores Human" was threefoot tall and her brain was smaller than that of the average chimp ( 黑猩猩), yet she and her relatives apparently lived fully human lives.They seem to have made tools, worked together to find food and cook it, andperhaps even burried their dead with ceremony.

  It was a major surprise to find tools associated with the newhuman family member. The tools are like those formerly seen only with Europeanfossils(化石) from our own species;Homo sapiens (智人) ;and the oldest of them were made 9,400 years ago. Homo sapiens isthought to have arrived in the island about 4,000 years ago, much too late tobe responsible for the tools. If this tiny human made the tools, then theinside structure(结构) of its brain must have been morelike our own than a chimp′s, despite being just a third the size of ours.

  This "new human" was suspected to be a dwarfed branch ofHomo erectus (直立人,). When creatures are separated in regionswith rare resources but few enemies, being big is a disadvantage, and evolutiontends to shrink them, a process known as island dwarfing. Could naturalselection make a human smaller while keeping--even improving--mental ability?Quite possibly, believes Christopher Wills of the University of California.

  Has the "Flores Human" even shown the ability oflanguage? "I find it difficult to imagine that people could make tools,use fire, and kill large animals without fairly advanced communication,"Wills says. Did "Flores Human" possess the basic components of humanculture--such as the burying of the dead with ceremony? Emiliano Bruner of theItalian Institute points out that Indonesia′s hot,wet environment is bad forfossilization. It is reasonable to assume, he says, that the 18,000-year-oldbones of the most complete Flores woman were well-preserved because she wasburied with special care.

  第48题单选 According to the passage,"Flores Human"__

  A.lived a partly human life

  B.was a branch of Homo sapiens

  C.used tools before Homo sapiens arrived

  D.had a brain as large as a commonchimp's

  第49题单选 The underlined part "this tinyhuman" in Paragraph 2 refers to __

  A.a chimp

  B.Flores Human

  C.Homo sapiens

  D.Homo erectus

  第50题单选 This passage mainly talks about__

  A.the tools made by "FloresHuman"

  B.the language used by "FloresHuman"

  C.the evolution of "FloresHuman"

  D.the major surprising findings about"Flores Human"

  第51题单选 According to the passage,it isbelieved that "Flores Human"__

  A.was dwarfed by its enemies

  B.could use language

  C.left a lot of fossils in the hot andwet environment

  D.reached Flores 40,000 years ago

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